Boundary|Time|Surface was a site-specific ephemeral sculptural installation that took as its basis the internationally recognized designation of the geological boundary between the Cambrian and Ordovician periods at Green Point, Newfoundland.

Stratigraphic Column adapted from: R.A. Cooper, G.S. Nowlan, and S.H. Williams 2001 “Global Stratotype Section and Point for base of the Ordovician System. Episodes, Vol 24, no.1.

Just as individuals speak colloquially of  “crossing the line” or “drawing a line in the sand”  or even “invading our personal space” to mark various limits (and points of transgression), so too socio-political entities create borders, erect boundary markers, declare and define limits. Limits for time, limits for physical space, and limits which identify places, things, and people. But these limits are rarely – if ever – truly fixed or static: they are essentially arbitrary and subjective creations that fulfill specific needs at a given time, and are also often subject to forces beyond their creators’ control.

Boundary|Time|Surface thus presents an intervention within the landscape that simultaneously inscribes the human impulse to define and contain things much larger than ourselves, and the arbitrary nature of such actions.

Image courtesy M.E. Cooke.

This work was created over a single four-hour period during the falling tide on June 22, 2014, on the shore at Green Point, in Gros Morne National Park, Newfoundland. The installation consisted of 52 found driftwood poles and roughly 300 rocks, all from Green Cove and Green Point, moved and positioned by hand in advance of installation day by me and my assistant, geologist John Waldron. The installation itself was built collaboratively by me, John, and 6 additional volunteers: Anne Marceau, Michael Burzynski, Renee Martin, Lisa Liu, Shawna White, and Ryan Lacombe. The work was 150 metres in length when completed, and the poles ranged in height between roughly 1.8 to 2.4 metres. Evidence of its existence remained at the site for approximately 48 hours: 34 poles has been felled by the tide by sunset on June 22 2014; 5 remained standing on the morning of June 23 2014; and one remained on the 24th.

Some time lapse video of the dissolution of Boundary|Time|Surface,  on June 22 2014:

Copyright 2014, Sydney Lancaster. All rights reserved.

Blog posts about the project can be found herehereherehere, and here – and you can find interviews regarding the project on Arts East and Creative Gros Morne.

Images of Boundary|Time|Surface:

This work was made during the “Art in the Park” Artist in Residence Program, an initiative of Parks Canada and The Rooms, St John’s NL;  the artist gratefully acknowledges the support of the Canada Council and Parks Canada for this Residency program.


Exhibition Information

The second iteration of Boundary|Time|Surface was on exhibition at the Art Gallery of St. Albert, September 5 – November 2, 2019. This exhibition includes four new mixed-media wall-based works, a completely redesigned projection-mapped video installation with new footage, a large-scale presentation of a time-lapse video fo the creation and destruction of the site-specific installation, in addition to a fabric installation work and a photo installation from the original exhibition.

In addition, I am very pleased to announce the publication of Boundary|Time|Surface – a record of change to coincide with this exhibition. This is a limited-edition artist book with catalogue section, featuring a critical essay by art historian and independent curator Melinda Pinfold, PhD; an essay on the history of geology as a science, by Dr. John Waldron, and an essay and poetry by me.

Available Through My Online Shop.
Boundary Echo silk panel installation; Limits: Intervention video work in background 2019
Limits:Intervention projection-mapped video installation 2019

Boundary|Time|Surface was exhibited for the first time at the Discovery Centre Gallery in Gros Morne National Park, just outside Woody Point NL. This is a multi-media, installation-based body of work exploring (and expanding upon) many of the concerns underlying the creation of the original installation.

This body of interrelated work considers different scales of time and types of memory; by extension, Boundary|Time|Surface is an extended visual meditation upon our relationship to the land and place, time, and the ‘how’ and ‘why’  of the ways we organize our lives.

Some writing about the exhibition can found here and here.


The artist gratefully acknowledges the Alberta Foundation for the Arts for their support in developing the documentation of the original project for exhibition.


Macromareal approaches the tidal range in the Bay of Fundy, its documentation, and related environmental data through a series of interrelated works that explore the cyclic and durational aspect of natural processes, and the relationship between those processes, human activities, and conceptions of time and memory.

This is a collaborative project that has developed over two Artist’s Residencies (2016 and 2017) at Main & Station in Parrsboro, NS with composer and sound artist Scott Smallwood.

For 2017, we were both recipients of Nonesuch Fellowships: Scott Smallwood has received the 2017 Henning Bauer Fellowship for Music & Sound Art, and I have received the 2017 Esther Hageman Fellowship for Sculpture & Land Art.

We are grateful to Main & Station, the Alberta Foundation for the Arts, and the University of Alberta for their financial support of this work, to The Maritime Museum of the Atlantic, especially Roger Marsters, PhD, Curator of Marine History, for their generous in-kind support, and the Parrsboro Community for encouragement and in-kind assistance: Judith Bauer, Harvey Lev, Randy Corcoran, Mary McPhee, and John Waldron for their assistance in the realization of this project; Susan Clarke and Lisa Miller at Ottawa House Museum, for their generosity with their time and collections, and for the in-kind support, and to the generous and adventurous local musicians who made “Macromareal Prelude: In Fog and Storm and Sunshine” a reality: Kyle Dinaut, Michael Fuller, Timi Levy, Jamie Oatt, Bruce Robertson, Joel Robertson, and Krista Wells.

Gallery 1: Rehearsal for “Macromareal Prelude: In Fog and Storm and Sunshine” at First Beach, Parrsboro NS, 5 August 2017

Gallery 2: Debut Performance, “Macromareal Prelude”, Nonesuch Centre for the Performing Arts, Parrsboro NS, 6 August 2017

Gallery 3: Exhibition Stills

Exhibition Walk-Through Video:

Video from Tidal Time Projection/ Installation:

A portion of this project was also shown in 2019 at Emily Carr University, under the title macromareal (redux), and featured new print-base work, as well as a selection of found object sculpture, and the video installation.

The Artists Gratefully Acknowledge the Financial and In-kind support of:

Our thanks to Emily Carr for hosting our work at ~Diffuser Gallery, and for the great conversations with their students!